Development of Injection Technologies and Creation of a Mobile Equipment Complex for Diagnostics and Restoration of Working Capacity of Concrete and Reinforsed Concrete Buildings and Constructions Maintained in Conditions of Corrosion-Mechanical Destruct

1Marukha, VI, 1Serednytskyi, Ya.A, 1Gnyp, IP, 2Sylovaniuk, VP
1SE «Techno-Resource», NAS of Ukraine, Lviv
2G.V. Karpenko Physical-Mechanical Institute, NAS of Ukraine, Lviv
Nauka innov. 2007, 3(5):26-33
https://doi.org/10.15407/scin3.05.026
Section: Research and Engineering Innovative Projects of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
Major corrosive-mechanical factories that cause cracks and other damages initiation of constructions and buildings from concrete, reinforced concrete and other building materials in operation are considered from the viewpoint of fracture mechanics. The theoretical fracture model of the system "a rigid matrix - an elastic inclusion" has been developed and physic-mechanical parameters of polyurethane elastomers and systems "concrete- polyurethane-concrete" have been investigated. Objects that have to undergo injection restoration with yielding polyurethane compositions are listed. The mobile diagnostic-restoration complex on the van chassis has been created and equipped. Technological processes of injection strengthening and restoration of concrete and reinforced concrete constructions performance have been perfected and used commercially
Keywords: concrete building structures and constructions, corrosive-mechanical fracture, injection, protection
References: 
1. Zahyst betonnyh konstrukcij i sporud vid korozijno-mehanichnogo rujnuvannja poliuretanovymy in'jekcijnymy kompozycijamy. V. I. Maruha, B. Ja. Genega, Ja. A. Serednyc'kyj, M. I. Zaplatyns'kyj. Problemy korozii' ta protykorozijnogo zahystu materialiv. Fizyko-himichna mehanika materialiv. 2006, 2(5): 834-840 [in Ukrainian].
2. Panasjuk V. V., Sylovanjuk V. I., Maruha V. I. Micnist' poshkodzhenyh trishhynamy elementiv konstrukcij, zalikovanyh za in'jekcijnymy tehnologijamy. Fizyko-himichna mehanika materialiv. 2005, 6: 60-64 [in Ukrainian].
3. Maruha V. I., Genega B. Ja. Ushhil'njujuchi tehnologii' dlja zmicnennja i remontu zalizobetonnyh konstrukcij. Zb. naukovyh prac' "Diagnostyka, dovgovichnist' i rekonstrukcija mostiv i budivel'nyh konstrukcij". L'viv: Kamenjar, 2001: 158-161 [in Ukrainian].
4. Mehanika rujnuvannja, jak naukova osnova tehnologii' ushhil'njuval'nyh in'jekcij pid chas rekonstrukcii' ob'jektiv tryvaloi' ekspluatacii'. V. P. Sylovanjuk, V. I. Maruha, B. Ja. Genega, N. A. Ivanyshyn. Zb. naukovyh prac' "Mehanika i fizyka rujnuvannja budivel'nyh materialiv i konstrukcij". L'viv: Kamenjar, 2002, vyp. 5: 373-382 [in Ukrainian].
5. ACI-89 M12 503-5R Guide for the selection of polymer adhesives with concrete. ACI Material Journal. 1992, 1-2: 90-105.
6. Czarnecki L., Emmons P. H. Naprawa i ochrona konstrurcji betonowych. Krakow Polski Cement, 2002.