1Kuzkov, VP, 2Sodnik, Z, 1Kuzkov, SV
1Main Astronomical Observatory, NAS of Ukraine
2European Space Research and Technology Centre
Nauka innov. 2017, 13(1):95-101
https://doi.org/10.15407/scin13.01.095
Section: Scientific Framework of Innovation Activities
Language: English
Abstract: 
Laser experiments with ARTEMIS geostationary satellite have been performed in partly cloudy weather using the developed system for the telescope. It has been found that the part of the laser beam is observed simultaneously at the points in direction of the velocity vector where the satellite would arrive at when the laser light reaches the telescope. These results agree with the theory of relativity for light aberration in transition from fixed to moving coordinate system. Observation results open the way for research and development of systems to compensate atmospheric turbulence in laser communications between ground stations and satellites through the atmosphere.
Keywords: aberration, astronomy, bias angles, laser radiation, relativistic processes, satellites
References: 
1. Tolker-Nielsen T., Oppenhauser G. In-orbit test result of an operational optical inter satellite link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX. Proc. SPIE. 2002. Vol. 4635. P. 1-15.
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.464105
2. Reyes M., Sodnik Z., Oppenhause G., Lopez P., Alonso A., Viera T. Preliminary results of the in-orbit test of ARTEMIS with the Optical Ground Station. Proc. SPIE. 2002. Vol. 4635. P. 38-49.
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.464083
3. Romba J., Sodnik Z., Reyes M., Alonso A., Bird A. ESA's Bidirectional Space-to-Ground Laser Communication Experiments. Proc. SPIE. 2004. Vol. 5550. P. 287-298.
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.560934
4. Reyes M., Alonso A., Chueca S., Fuensalida J., Sodnik Z., Cessa V., Bird A., Comeron A., Rodriguez A., Dios V., Rubio J. Ground to space optical communication characterization. Proc. SPIE. 2005. Vol. 5892. P. 589202-1–589202-16.
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.619205
5. Toyoshima M., Yamakawa S., Yamawaki T., Arai K., Reyes M., Alonso A., Sodnik Z. Demelenne B. Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between the Japanese laser communication terminal and the European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS. Proc. SPIE. 2004. Vol. 5338A. P.1-15.
https://doi.org/10.1117/12.530138
6. Kuzkov V., Medvedskii M., Yatskiv D., Suberlak V., Glushchenko Yu., Peretyatko M., Eremenko N. Preparation for optical Communication Experiments with the Geostationary Satellite ARTEMIS. Space science and technology. 2003. No. 4. P. 79-83.
7. Kuzkov V.P., Nedashkovskii V.N. Receiving system for ground – space laser communication. Space science and technology. Suppl. 2003. No. 2. P. 106-109.
8. Kuzkov V.P., Nedashkovskii V.N. A Receiver with an Avalanche Photodiode for the Optical Communication Channel from a Geostationary Satellite. Instruments and Experimental Techniques. 2004. No. 4. P. 513–515.  
https://doi.org/10.1023/B:INET.0000038399.39871.02
9. Kuzkov V.P., Nedashkovskii V.N., Savenkov S.N., Kuzkov S.V.  Investigation of the polarization of the laser transmitting module for communication experiments with the geostationary satellite ARTEMIS (ESA). Space science and technology. 2006. 12. No. 1. P. 23-28.
10. Kuzkov V., Andruk V., Sizonenko Yu., Sodnik Z. Investigation of Atmospheric Instability for Communication Experiments with ESA's Geostationary Satellite ARTEMIS. Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies. Suppl. 2005. No. 5. P. 561-565.
11. Kuzkov V., Andruk V., Sodnik Z., Sizonenko Yu., Kuzkov S. Investigating the correlation between the motions of the images of close stars for laser communications experiments with the Artemis satellite. Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies. 2008. Vol. 24, Issue 1. P. 56-62.
12. Kuzkov V., Sodnik Z., Kuzkov S., Volovyk D., Pukha S. Laser communication experiments with a geostationary satellite from a ground telescope. Space science and technology. 2008. 14. No. 2. P. 51–55.
13. Kuzkov V.P., Kuzkov S.V., Sodnik Z., Volovyk D.V., Pukha S.P. Pointing and tracking systems of the telescope for laser communication experiments with a geostationary satellite. Space science and technology. 2009. 15. No. 5. P. 68-73. 
14. Kuzkov S.V., Kuzkov V.P., Sodnik Z., Volovyk D.V., Pukha S.P., Kleshchonok V.V. A precise pointing and tracking system for photometric and coordinate measurements of high-earth-orbit satellites. Space science and technology. 2013. No. 3. P. 61-67.
15. Kuzkova N., Yakunov A., Kuzkov V., Medvedsky M. Development of cooling receiving system with avalanche photodiode for satellite laser ranging and communications. Proc. OSA International Conference: Application of Lasers for Sensing & Free  Space Communication Topical meeting, October 27-31, 2013, Paris, France, Paper ID: 1765715. P. 1-4. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=LSC-2013-LTu2B.4
16. Kuzkov V., Volovyk D., Kuzkov S.,  Sodnik Z., Pukha S., Caramia V. Laser Ground System for Communication Experiments with ARTEMIS. Proc. International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) 2012, 3-2, Ajaccio, Corsica, France, October 9-12 (2012). Paper ID: P3-2. P. 1-9.  http://icsos2012.nict.go.jp/pdf/1569606121.pdf
17. Kuzkov S., Sodnik Z., Kuzkov V. Laser Communication Experiments with Artemis Satellite. Proc. of 64th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Sept. 23- 27, 2013, Beijing, China, Space communication and navigation symposium (B2). Advanced Technologies for Space Communications and Navigation (3), IAC-13-B2.3.8. Paper ID: 16572. P. 3180-3187. 2013.
18. Kozyryev Ye., Sybiryakova Ye., Shulga A., Kuzkov V., Kuzkov S., Lopachenko V., Kozhukhov A., Rikhal’sky V., Caramia V. Synchronous Tests of Laser Active ARTEMIS Satellite at Different Ground Stations. Proc. International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) 2014, P-3, Kobe, Japan, May 7-9 (2014). Paper ID: P-3. P. 1-5. 2014.
http://icsos2014.nict.go.jp/contents/pdf/P-3.pdf
19. Kuzkov V., Sodnik Z., Kuzkov S., Caramia V. Laser Experiments with ARTEMIS  Satellitein Cloudy Conditions. Proc. International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (ICSOS) 2014, Kobe, Japan, May 7-9 (2014). Paper ID: S4-4. P. 1-8. 2014.
http://icsos2014.nict.go.jp/contents/pdf/S4-4.pdf 
20. Kuzkov V., Kuzkov S., Sodnik Z. Direct measurements of laser light aberration from the ARTEMIS geostationary satellite through thin clouds. E-print arXiv:1512.08128. Publication date: 12/2015. P. 1-7.
21. Bradley J. Account of a New Discovered Motion of the Fix’s Stars. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. 1727. No. 35. P. 637-661.
22. Moller C. The Theory of relativity. Second edition. Clarendon Press Oxford. 1972. 2.11. The Doppler effect. Aberration of light.