Experimental Study of Operating Indicators of a Thermalactic Covering Panel

1Dikarev, KB  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9107-3667
1Kuzmenko, OM  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5976-5436
1Petrenko, VO  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4331-6844
1Sankov, PM  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0898-7992
1Kyslytsia, LV  https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4563-2530
2Ibadov, N  https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3588-9551
1Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture
2Warsaw University of Technology Warsaw Polytechnika
Nauka innov. 2020, 16(2):62-71
https://doi.org/10.15407/scin16.02.062
Section: Scientific Basis of Innovation Activity
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
Introduction. The use of solar energy in construction is widespread due to a rapid growth in energy tariffs.
Problem Statement. The share of building roof in the heat consumption during a heating season accounts for 10-25%. In summertime, intensive heating of a large roof area leads to a high room temperature and, therefore, active use of air conditioning systems.
Purpose. The purpose is to develop an experimental sample of thermosetting roof panel containing a material with phase transformation and to study the operational parameters of the sample in summertime. Further, the roof panel is planned to be used as additional source of heating or air conditioning to improve the temperature balance of microclimate inside the building.
Materials and Methods. The field study was conducted in July 2018 on a pilot sample of thermosetting roof panel containing a material with phase transformation in a metal casing protected by a copper roofing sheet and an effective heater.
Results. When performing experimental study of the thermosetting roof panel, a temperature difference (between the inlet and the outlet) that varies from 1.2 to 4 °C for 10 h 45 min has been observed. The presence of material with phase transformation can reduce the roof sheet temperature about two times: the M01 detector has recorded a maximum temperature of 87.8°C, in the case of material with phase transformation, and 43.7°C, in the case without the use of the mentioned material.
Conclusions. The experiment has shown that in summertime the use of the material with phase transformation reduces twice the temperature of the copper sheet of the roof panel inner surface. The use of such technology is advisable to reduce the cost of energy for air conditioning indoor, enables construction of energy-saving environment friendly residential and industrial buildings.
Keywords: energy efficiency, material with phase transformation, roofing panels
References: 
1. The Ministry of Finance Ukraine. 
URL: https://minfin.com.ua/ua/2019/01/04/36143395/
2. Dikarev, K., Berezyuk, A., Kuzmenko, O., Skokova, A. (2016). Experimental and numerical thermal analysis of joint connection «floor slab – balcony slabe» with integrated thermal break. Energy Procedia, 85(1), 184–192. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.12.325
3. Bereshuk, A., Dickarev, K., Papirnik, R., Skokova, A., Kuzmenko, O. (2013). It has a practical impact on efficiency and performance in a well-developed environment. Bulletin of Pridneprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 8, 28–32 [in Ukrainian].
4. Engineering techniques. The electronic source: 
URL: https://www.techniques-ingenieur.fr/actualite/articles/pour-une-climatis... ((Last accessed 10. 08.2018).
5. Croitoru, C., Meslem, A., Atta, R. (2015). Thermal study of an innovative solar collector with air circulation. Thermal study of an innovative solar collector with air circulation. Romanian Journal of Civil Engineering, 6(1), 26.  
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.12.285
6. Croitoru, C. V., Nastase, I., Bode, F. I., & Meslem, A. (2016). Thermodynamic investigation on an innovative unglazed transpired solar collector. Solar Energy, 131, 21–29. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2016.02.029
7. Ango, S. E. (2011). Contribution to the storage of thermal energy in buildings: development of an active system with phase change materials (Doctoral dissertation). Arts et Métiers ParisTech. (HAL Id: pastel-00650275).
8. Borderon, J. (2012). Integration of phase change materials as dynamic control system in thermal renovation. Doctoral dissertation. (ENTPE 008) [in Français].
9. Kośny, J., Biswas, K.,  Miller, W., Kriner, S. (2012) Field thermal performance of naturally ventilated solar roof with PCM heat sink. Solar Energy, 86(9), 2504–2514. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.05.020
10. Kabeel, A. E., Khalil, A., Shalaby, S. M., Zayed, M. E. (2016). Experimental investigation of thermal performance of flat and v-corrugated plate solar air heaters with and without PCM as thermal energy storage. Energy Conversion and Management. 113, 264–272. 
doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2016.01.068
11. Poole, Mark R., Shah, Sanjay B., Boyette, Michael D., Stikeleather, Larry F., Cleveland Tommy (2017). Performance of a Coupled Transpired Solar Collector–Phase Change Material-based Thermal Energy Storage System. Energy and Buildings, 161, 72–79. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.12.027
12. Fatah O. Al Ghuol, K. Sopian, Shahrir Abdullah (2016). Enhancement of Integrated Solar Collector with Spherical Capsules PCM Affected by Additive Aluminum Powder. Journal of Thermodynamics, 1–7. 
https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1604782
13. Wandong Zheng, Huan Zhang, Shijun You, Yindan Fu (2017). Experimental Investigation of the Transpired Solar Air Collectors and Metal Corrugated Packing Solar Air Collectors. Energies, 10(3), 302. 
https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030302
14. Bandara, W., Amarasekara, B. K., Rupasinghe, C. P. (2018). Assessment of the possibility of unglazed transpired type solar collector to be used for drying purposes: a comparative assessment of efficiency of unglazed transpired type solar collector with glazed type solar collector. Procedia engineering, 212, 1295–1302. 
https://doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.167
15. Huan Zhanga, Xintong Maa, Shijun Youa, Yaran Wang, Xuejing Zhenga, Tianzhen Yea, Wandong Zhenga, Shen Wei (2018). Mathematical modeling and performance analysis of a solar air collector with slit-perforated corrugated plate. Solar Energy, 167, 147–157. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.04.003
16. Hall R., Blower J. (2016). Low-emissivity transpired solar collectors. Energy Procedia, 91, 56-63. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.06.171
17. Zakharov, Y., Sankov, P., Trifonov, I., Tkach, N., Toshyna, L. (2019). The content and specific features of reconstructing the residential houses of various configurations. Sci. innov., 15(3), 81–93 [in Ukrainian]. 
https://doi.org/10.15407/scin15.03.081