Nauka innov. 2015, 11(3):53-67
https://doi.org/10.15407/scin11.03.053

Yu.L. Zabulonov, Yu.V. Litvinenko, V.M. Kadoshnikov, E.V. Alekseeva, V.M. Burtnyak, L.A. Odukalets, N.A. Borodina
State Institution «Institute of Environmental Geochemistry NAS of Ukraine», Kyiv

 

New Approaches to Cleaning Liquid Radioactive Waste

Section: Scientific and Technical Innovative Projects of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The industrial cleaning methods of liquid radioactive waste and technologically contaminated solutions, which contain heavy metals and radionuclides, are considered. It is shown that in the case when heavy metal ions exclusively exist in ionic form, the cleaning method with highest efficiency is electrodialysis. In the case when components, which must be removed, are in ionic and colloidal forms at the same time, the previous destruction of colloidal and organic matter (method of hydrodynamic cavitation, lowtemperature plasma etc) is necessary. The developed «PTANK» method enables an effective purification of multicomponent metalcontaining man-made solutions, which contain additionally organic substances and complexes. Development of advanced membrane technologies, creation of complex recycling schemes and their synergistic combination will provide an opportunity to achieve deep cleaning of technologically contaminated solutions and minimize the amount of secondary wastes.
Keywords: heavy metals, radionuclides, electrodialysis, hydrodynamic cavitation, low-temperature plasma.

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