Supercomputer аs a Platform for Innovation Development

1Golovynskyi, AL, 1Malenko, AL, 1Roganova, OYu.
1V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics, NAS of Ukraine
Nauka innov. 2018, 14(1):67-79
https://doi.org/10.15407/scin14.01.067
Section: Research and Engineering Innovative Projects of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
Introduction. The largest in Ukraine supercomputer complex SKIT with total peak performance of reaching 43 trillion operations per second operates at the Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of NAS of Ukraine. The supercomputer effectively solves the tasks of the widest possible spectrum, from the study of the Earth's interior to linguistic studios, from genetics to modeling the evolution of black holes. The complex has found one of its applications in solving photogrammetric problems within the framework of R&D project of the NAS of Ukraine in partnership with Pixelated Realities NGO that deals with the promotion of digital methods for restoration, reconstruction, and research of objects of cultural heritage and with planning and revitalization of urban space.
Purpose. The purpose of the project is to create a specialized hardware and software complex based on the SKIT supercomputer to solve the resource-intensive photogrammetric problem.
Materials and methods. The software and hardware complex is based on original architecture of the SKIT supercomputer and photogrammetric method of building 3D scenes, which is reproducing the 3D objects by photographs. The task of photogrammetry involves the processing of several ten thousand photographs to create 3D scanned images of monuments, historic buildings, archaeological excavations, and urban objects using RealityCapture software.
Research results. The project innovative result is the creation of the first in Ukraine specialized software and hardware system that uses high-performance computations to solve the problems of 3D reconstruction by photographs. Also, the Institute of Cybernetics, together with its partners, has developed Cloud Studio specialized hardware and software system. 
Conclusions. The creation of specialized supercomputer segment and examples of its use have demonstrated the effectiveness of such solutions in 3D modeling and animation, as well as the presence of a significant interest and a large market of supercomputer technologies. The Cloud Studio continues a successful experience of creating specialized computing systems designed to solve important applied R&D problems.
Keywords: 3D modeling, photogrammetry, supercomputer
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