Intellectual Emigration of Ukrainian Scientists at the Beginning of the 21th Century

TitleIntellectual Emigration of Ukrainian Scientists at the Beginning of the 21th Century
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsVavilova, IB, Isakova, NB, Oliynyk, MV, Sayenko, Yu.I, Troyan, VM
Short TitleNauka innov.
SectionGeneral Problems of the Modern Research and Innovation Policy
The paper presents the results of a unique project “The Scientific Emigration in Ukraine at the Beginning of the 21st Century” implemented in 1999-2001. This study has remained known for a small group of specialists and not reached the main goal, namely, the development of government policy on intellectual migration. This project is unique due to the complete coverage of problem as the sociological representativeness of research is about 3,000 people engaged in the opinion poll, including senior students of universities, young researchers, chiefs of departments of academic institutions, experts, and representatives of Ukrainian scientific diaspora. The main reasons for scientific emigration, as pointed out by the young generation, are will for improvement of qualifications, gain of experience in the international teams and for securing of family welfare. The main conditions for stopping the intellectual emigration in Ukraine are the creation of innovative research infrastructure, the enhancement of prestige of researcher, the possibility to publish research results in high impact journals, and realization of personal potential in profession and career. The authors have discussed ways to address this problem in the recipient and in the donor countries of scientific migration and offered a strategy for retrieval of young researchers to Ukraine. The results of the present project are assumed to be a starting point for a new sociological study to understand the position of students and young researchers in new political and sociohumanistic reality of Ukraine.
Keywordsbrain circulation, brain drain, educational systems, employment, intellectual migration, migration

1. Pushkarov D. (1993). The Brain Drain from Bulgarian Science. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on «Brain Drain Issues in Europe», UNESCO-ROSTE. 25- 27 April, Technical Report #15.
2. Brain Drain in Russia: Problems, Perspectives and Ways of Regulation (1994). In: Brain Drain Issues in Europe: Cases of Russia and Ukraine, UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Technology for Europe, Technical Report # 18.
3. Vizi E. S. (1993). Reversing the Brain Drain from Eastern European Countries: The «Push» and «Pull» Factors. Technology in Society, Vol. 15, pp. 101-109.
4. Hryniewicz J., Jalowiecki B., Mync A. (1992). The Brain Drain in Poland. University of Warsaw, 118 P.
5. Hryniewicz J., Jalowiecki B., Mync A. (1997). The Brain Drain from Sciences and Universities in Poland: 1994- 1996. University of Warsaw, 94 P
6. Artyukhin M. I. (2000). Intellectual migration as aspect of state regulation. Science and Science of Science, No 4, p. 54.
7. Brain Drain - The Emigration of Scientists from Relevant Parts of the NIS (1997). Scientific Report, INTAS Project 93-684, ICCR, Vienna.
8. Ikonnikov О. A. (1993). Migration of scientists from Russia. Moscow, 33 P.
9. Klochko Y. and Isakova N. (1993) Intellectual Migration: A View from Ukraine, Science and Public Policy, Vol. 20, No 6, December, pp. 405-409.
10. Troyan V., Taran N. Ukrai'nska naukova diaspora: novi vyklyky. Ukrai'noznavchyy al'manah. 2016. V 19. P. 90-94
11. Report on the Ukrainian National Study on Intellectual Migration (1994). In: Brain Drain Issues in Europe: Cases of Russia and Ukraine, UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Technology for Europe, Technical Report # 18.
12. Carante G. (1993). The Scientific International Organizations and Their Contribution to the Brain Drain Issues. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on «Brain Drain Issues in Europe», UNESCO-ROSTE. 25-27 April, 1993, Technical Report #15.
13. Yatskiv Ya., Malyts'kyj B., Bublyk S. Transformacija naukovoi' systemy Ukrai'ny protjagom 90-h rokiv XX stolittja: period perehodu do rynku. Nauka. innov. 2016, 12(6): 6-14 [in Ukrainian].
14. Naukova ta innovacijna dijal'nist' v Ukrai'ni (1999 ta 2000). Statystychni dani. Derzhavnyj komitet statystyky Ukrai'ny. Artiukhovskaya N. І. (2000). CRDF Activities with Ukraine. In: Proceedings of the Int. Conf. «Astronomy in Ukraine - 2000 and beyond (impact of international cooperation)», Kinematics and Phys. of Celestial Bodies, Suppl. Ser., p. 3-7 [in Ukrainian].
15. Mahroum S. (2000). Europe and Challenge of the Brain Drain. JPTS Report, no 29.
16. International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers to the United States - Brain Drain or Brain Circulation (1998), NSF Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences, 98-316.
17. Naukovo-tehnichnyj potencial Ukrai'ny: stan, problemy, perspektyvy (2000). Ministerstvo osvity i nauky Uk rai'ny, NAN Ukrai'ny, Centr doslidzhennja naukovo-tehnichnogo potencialu ta istorii' nauky im. G.M. Dobrova, 63 S.
18. Plugging the British Brain Drain - The British government is developing incentives to retain top scientists at home (2000). HMS Beagle, The BioMedNet Magazine, issue 92 [in Ukrainian].
19. Towards a European Research Area (2000). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 41 P.
20. The Role of the International Organizations in the development of a Common European Scientific and Techno logical Area (2001). Materials of Int. Symp., Kyiv, 22- 25 Sept., 2001.
21. Vavylova I., Isakova N.,Olijnyk M. ta in. Naukova emigracija v Ukrai'ni uprodovzh 1991-2000. porivnjal'nyj ta sociologichnyj aspekty. Informacijnyj bjuleten' Uk ra i'ns'ko go Mizhnarodnogo komitetu z pytan' nauky ta kul'tury pry Nacional'nij Akademii' nauk Ukrai'ny. 2002. No 14. S.19-52.
22. Bilogolovs'kyj M. Ekstrenna dopomoga uchenym-pereselencjam. Dzerkalo tyzhnja. 2015. No 24 [in Ukrainian].
23. Zhabin S.O., Kaz'mina O.P., Vashulenko O.S., Sosnov O.S. Analiz danyh sociologichnogo doslidzhennja molodyh vchenyh NAN Ukrai'ny u 2015. Nauka ta naukoznavstvo. 2016. No 2. S. 62-75 [in Ukrainian].
24. The UKRAINE Network Newsletter 5 July - August 2016.
25. Popovych O.S., Kostrytsa O.P. Vikova struktura nauko1- vyh kadriv jak faktor zhyttjezdatnosti naukovoi' systemy Ukrai'ny. Nauka innov. 2016. 12(2): 5-11 [in Ukrainian].
26. Savel'ev A.A., Malyckyj B.A., Onopryenko V.Y. Molodezh' v nauke. 1990-e godi: socyologycheskoe yssledovanye. CDPYN NAN Ukrayni, 2000. 48 s. [in Ukrainian].
27. Vashulenko O.S. Molodi naukovci NAN Ukrai'ny: stan ta perspektyvy. Nauka ta naukoznavstvo. 2004. No 2. S. 34-41 [in Russian].
28. Parkhomenko N. Problems of intellectual migration of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies. 2014. 17. p. 37-39 [in Ukrainian].
29. Intellectual Migration and Cultural Transformation. Re fugees from National Socialism in the English-Speaking World. Editors: Timms Edward, Hughes Jon. Springer, 2003.
30. The Impact of the Intellectual Migration on the United Sta tes and Eastern Europe / The Nobel Prize Winners in Science by Eric Weiss. -
31. Dodani S., E La Porte R. Brain drain from developing countries: how can brain drain be converted into wisdom gain? J.R. Soc. Med. 2005. Nov. 98(11). p. 487-491. doi: 10.1258/jrsm.98.11.487
35. Laliashvili Z. Expectations and realities of brain drain from Georgia.
36. The_brain_drain:_Old_myths,_new_realities.html
37. Saxenian Anna Lee. Brain Circulation: How High-Skill Immigration Makes Everyone Better Off. Brookings, December 1, 2002. brain-circulation-how-high-skill-immigration-makeseveryone-better-off/